By Christopher Mantford
Metallic Yarn Manufacturing Process
Metallic yarns are by and large made from strips of a synthetic film, such as polyester, coated with metallic particles. In one more method, aluminum foil strips are sandwiched amid layers of film. Metallic yarns may also be made by twisting a strip of metal around a natural or man-made core yarn, producing a metal surface. It is made of thin film and supported by nylon or polyester or rayon yarn according to the type of yarn.
Metallic yarns start as rolls of films or laminations 30" or wider. These wide rolls are slit into narrow rolls 2" to 5" wide. These narrow rolls are gang slit across their whole width to micro widths from 1/128" (.0078") and wider and then taken up on plastic spools for shipment to textile mills. There is a rainbow of colors available from red, blue, green, etc. to gold and silver. Brilliant, reflective colors which add decorative patterns to fabrics.
Metallic Yarn Uses
Metallic yarns are woven, braided, and knit into many fashionable fabrics and trims. For added variety, metallic yarns are twisted with other fibers such as wool, nylon, cotton and synthetic blends to construct yarns which add novelty effects to the end cloth or trim. They create all textiles more eye-catching by adding sparkle. At one time or another, metallic yarns have been used in just about every variety of textiles. Metallic Yarn is used in manufacturing knitting wears, knit & woven fabrics, embroideries, labels etc. Some end uses have been in automotive fabrics, television front fabrics, bath towels and face cloths, clerical vestments, bathing suits, hosiery, upholstery, hat bands, etc. Also in theatrical clothing, theater back drops, doll clothing, banners and uniforms.
Care of Fabrics with Metallic Yarns
Specialized dry cleaning with perchlorethylene is favored to laundering. Hand laundering with Woolite and cold water is the only suggested laundering method. Never launder with bleach. Fabrics containing metallic yarns should be treated like all synthetic fabrics. Ironing should be at the lowest setting on the iron. If there is no thermostat on the iron, do not use that iron. Do not use steam when ironing metallic yarns.
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